Philosophers’ ships is the collective name of several boats which, in September and November 1922 carried more than 160 expelled Russian intellectuals from Petrograd to Stettin, Germany.
Other intellectuals were transported in 1923 by train to Riga, Latvia or by boat from Odessa to Constantinople.
Three detention lists included 228 people, 32 of them students.
Among the expellees were these four Christian thinkers whose books I have read and would endorse:
See also, Chamberlain, Lesley, Lenin’s Private War: The Voyage of the Philosophy Steamer and the Exile of the Intelligentsia, St Martin’s Press, 2007